Science, Art, Aesthetics and Ethics; The Necessity of Openness and Compassion in Nursing

Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN Copyright February, 2020 With the next two articles in February and March, we hope to re-invigorate the dialogue about the art and science of nursing with contributions by two outstanding Norwegian scholars, Dr. Kari Martinsen and Dr. Eva Gjengedal. Nursing as art and science might have once been …

Diane Pestolesi coaching volleyball

Diane Pestolesi: Coaching

Diane Pestolesi’s metaphor is coaching. This opens up possibilities for situated teaching and learning in actual clinical practice.  She asks questions, assesses students’ approaches and practical understandings, and offers situated coaching.

Lisa Day bird watching

Lisa Day: Bird Watching

Lisa Day’s metaphor of bird watching challenges her to be attentive, engaged and curious. She is comfortable with long pauses, waiting for students to show up. She learns from them rather than only imposing her ideas and information.

Marye Fuqua and Dr. Benner talking

Precepting for Autonomy, Nurse Patient Relationships, Clinical Imagination, Time Management, Teamwork and Curiosity

Copyright May 8, 2019 Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN We continue to examine the teaching and learning required by all new graduate nurses; how preceptors transmit local knowledge, engage in situated coaching, and role model nurse-patient caring relationships that are respectful, discerning, and attuned. Here we focus on preceptor Marye Fuqua, who is a relatively …

Vickie Sattler Speaking

Two Key Roles of Preceptors: Situated Coaching and Teaching Local Knowledge

copyright 2019 by Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D., FAAN   Health care institutions are complex organizations with many moving parts and players who must coordinate and share their local work knowledge (Geertz, 2000). Geertz points out that a study of local knowledge is necessarily a study of the particular, concrete in relation to the general, or …

Lynn Stapleton speaking

Socialization and Formation on the First Job–An Example from Provident Health Care

Patricia Benner, R.N., Ph.D. FAAN Copyright, January 2019 The first nursing positions are bound to be formative for nurses. By “formative” I mean identity development as a nurse, skills, habits of thought and relational ways of being with patients and the healthcare team and more. Socialization messages are received from co-workers, preceptors, professional developers …

Alyssa Bolt speaking with Dr. Benner

Clinical Precepting:  Situated Coaching and Learning—The Heart of Highly Reliable Organizations

Lisa Day, RN, PhD, CNE, Vice Dean for Educational Innovation, WSU Patricia Benner, RN, PhD,  Professor, Emerita, UCSF copyright 2018 In our last article (, July 30), we began a series on clinical teaching and learning. In this article and forthcoming follow-up articles, we weave two major perspectives together to characterize key aspects of the …